- Studium Theologicum Salesianum Library Catalog
- The GLORY of ANCIENT EGYPT - Complete 60 issues Professionally Bound
- Who are the Copts?
- Topical Bible: Alexandria
Sebastian Brock, Times Literary Supplement Sebastian Brock,Times Literary Supplement For anyone with an interest in the history of scholarship and the course of cultural history in the period covered, Alistair Hamilton's new book will make for very enjoyable as well as illuminating reading. The book furnishes a wealth of detail and analysis, as well as an excellent scholarly apparatus Stephen J. Davis, International Bulletion of Missionary Research, July a masterful and highly engaging history of the relationship between missions and scholarship in the early modern period.
Studium Theologicum Salesianum Library Catalog
Stephen J. To be sure a book like this can only be writtian by a scholar who not only combines a perpetual quest for knowledge and its sources with a tremendous previously acquired erudition As long as Alastair Hamilton keeps carrying out this kind of research and continues to produce works of this calibre The Glastonbury Review, Issue Educated at Eton and King's College Cambridge.
An Ancient Church; 2. The Council of Florence; 4. The First Jesuit Mission; 5. New Approaches; 6.
The First Stages; 8. Confessional Clashes I; 9. Confessional Clashes II; While the direct administration of the Egyptian heritage by Egyptians may be a sign of decolonisation Walker , it is only superficial. Hawass became known for continuing the commodification of Egyptian heritage, mainly for economic reasons Walker ; Elshahed ; Shenker However, other dimensions, such as the Arab-Israeli conflict, factor into contemporary local approaches in Egyptology as well.
The GLORY of ANCIENT EGYPT - Complete 60 issues Professionally Bound
Thus, discoveries such as the tombs of workmen were used in an attempt to disprove Israeli narratives concerning the construction of the Giza pyramids by Israelite slaves. Wynn argued that this narrative legitimizes the appropriation of labour of the lower classes of Egyptian society.
This implies that, in terms of decolonisation, it is simply not enough to replace Western rule with an Egyptian rule using colonial knowledge produced in the West to stabilize and enact its own authority. Or, to paraphrase, it is not enough to replace external colonialism with informal internal colonialism. As shown above, a regime of informal colonisation instrumentalises the Egyptian heritage. Moreover, the Egyptian tourism industry has been mainly directed at foreign, and predominantly Western, tourists Mitchell ; Doyon As such, it largely satisfies the image of ancient Egypt that is expected by Western audiences, i.
This is made especially clear by the evocation of the eighteenth-century dynasty king Tutankhamun c. Furthermore, there is a difference in the treatment of foreigners and Egyptians when it comes to access to ancient sites and museums. For instance, there are geographically separate entrances for both groups to the Giza plateau — the entrance for Egyptians is four kilometres away from the pyramids while the one for foreign tourists is much closer.
This was justified by Hawass, alleging that Egyptians behaved disrespectfully toward their ancient heritage Shenker Fanon, based on his observations in the Algerian War of Independence — , indicated that the tourism industry of formerly colonised countries would focus on Western audiences as the target group when he wrote that, . The national bourgeoisie organizes centers of rest and relaxation and pleasure resorts to meet the wishes of the Western bourgeoisie. Such activity is given the name of tourism, and for the occasion will be built up as a national industry Fanon This ideology of Pharaonism saw the creation of national monuments that combined ancient and modern Egyptian iconography Hassan As a result, Egyptology, both past and present, does offer the Egyptian elite an ideological legitimisation for authoritarian government.
This confirms the prevalent internal colonisation of the Egyptian heritage. It bears the power to colonise local histories and ideologically legitimise governments. From formal to informal colonialism, Western Egyptology provides Egyptian ruling elites with a legitimising ideological narrative of paternalist rule.
Who are the Copts?
It is for this reason that the auto-critique and decolonisation of Egyptology is an imminently political act. For those not part of the elite, however, this instrumentalisation may also be central to making a living in the tourism industry.
While decolonising Egyptology might be an urgent issue for Egyptian academics, who often belong to the upper and middle class, this might not necessarily be the case for lower class Egyptians depending on the commodification of this heritage for their living. This would mean that the current system be maintained so as not to threaten the material survival of the working poor through any overall changes to the informal colonial identification of Egypt with the ancient Egypt of Western-style Egyptology.
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In that case, any decolonial approach, not unlike current contemporary Western foreign policy, would find itself stuck in the dilemma between radical political critique and the wish for social, political, and economic stability in a post-colonial globalized world order. The future will show whether Western and Egyptian Egyptologists are willing and capable of performing serious self-critique and self-reflexion in order to tackle this dilemma. Beyond being a formal problem concerning the coloniality of knowledge production within the academic discipline of Egyptology, ancient Egypt describes a trope with profound political and economic implications for contemporary Egypt.
As this chapter has shown, elite rule in Egypt is performed through informal colonialism that is based on the co-optation of Western colonial narratives. Ending its ideological legitimisation is thus inseparable from the decolonisation of Egyptology. Abul-Magd, Z. Berkeley: University of California Press. Anderson, F. New York: Vintage Books.
Arnold, B. Antiquity Blakey, M. American Ethnicity and Nationality in the Depicted Past. In: Gathercole, P. The Politics of the Past. London: Routledge. Blanchard, C. Qatar: Background and U. Congressional Research Service RL Burleigh, N. New York: Harper Collins. Busch, H. Carruthers, W. Egyptology, Archaeology and the Making of Revolutionary Egypt, c. PhD diss. Introduction: Thinking about Histories of Egyptology.
In: Carruthers, W. Histories of Egyptology: Interdisciplinary Measures. New York: Routledge. Chakrabarty, D. Representations Challis, D.
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London: Bloomsbury. Cockburn, P. London: Verso Books. EPUB edition. Cohen, M. The New Colonialists. Foreign Policy Cole, J. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Curran, B. Obelisk: A History. Cambridge, MA: Burndy Library. Dettmer, J. Ally Qatar Shelters Jihadi Moneymen. Doyon, W.
Egyptology in the Shadow of Class. In: Piacentini, P, Orsenigo, C. Egyptian and Egyptological Documents, Archives, Libraries 4. Milan: Pontremoli Editore. On Archaeological Labor in Modern Egypt. In: Carruthers, E. Dussel, E. In: Jameson, F.